The Mursi people are pastoralist and living in the lower Omo Valley of southwestern Ethiopia. They move from place to place to search for the available land for grazing and suitable climate for growing their crops mainly sorghum and maize. The Omo River meanders for nearly 1000km southwest of Addis Ababa, and 100km north of Kenyan border. The number of the Mursi inhabitants estimated less than 10,000.Over the past few decades the mursi people and their neighbors have faced growing threats to their livelihoods. In the other hand, they speak their own language, which is originated from Nilo-Saharan.
Some Mursi practice flood retreat cultivation, particularly in the areas where the tsetse fly prohibits cattle rearing. Honey is collected from beehives made with bark and dung. The most famous Mursi traditions include the fierce stick fighting between the men, and the lip-plate worn by the women. It is made of clay and often quite large, the plates are inserted into slits in their lower lips. It is thought that the Mursi women wear the plates to attract husband and boost their beauty.